A bit of history
The origins of champagne
The existence of vineyards in Champagne dates back to the beginning of our era. The Romans were the ones to introduce grape-growing in the Champagne region. They had already identified the originality of the soil that gives Champagne its specificity, a transitional oceanic climate, chalky subsoil and sloping landscape.
From antiquity to the 16th century, the history of our region was intimately associated with the production of still red and rosé wines.
Champagne only appeared in the 17th century, once people began mastering the natural effervescence of the local wine and pruning the vines and blending crus and grape varieties, as did the monk Dom Perignon.
Closely linked to the monarchy, Champagne became the wine of coronations, then the wine of kings. Its success spread to the aristocratic elite of the world in the 19th century thanks to the energy of the Champagne Houses, which made it the symbol of French spirit.
After 1945, the Champagne frenzy reached new social circles. The current annual production exceeds 300 million bottles.
Preparation of Champagne
The geographical area which carries the term ?Champagne? is made up of several soil types of different characteristics. According to an age-old tradition, each Champagne House chooses during the wine harvest the ?crus? ( particular vineyards) and the wine-plants which make up theirs supplies of grapes.
In spring, the wines from each vineyard are analysed and tasted in order to define theirs particular characteristics. The Head of the Champagne House and his oenologists can then determine the proportions in which the new wine is assembled and (except for the millésime-vintage wine) completed by adding reserved wines from previous years.
Once bottled, the wine becomes effervescent, then ages slowly in deep wine cellars which guarantee to the wine peace and quiet, constant temperature, darkness and humidity required for perfect maturation.
The world-wide renown of a famous Brand of Champagne devotes its attachment to the respect for these traditional rules of Champagne-making. This has safeguarded the constancy of the characteristics and subtleties which the Champagne lovers are accustomed to enjoy. Therefore a great Brand of Champagne brings to both the connoisseur and novice alike the certainty of being fully satisfied.